Fostering the waste-to-value economy within industry

The resource recycling methods of an industrial ecosystem in a Danish town has brought numerous economic and environmental benefits. Where are the opportunities going forward?

An industrial ecosystem in a small municipality in Denmark is demonstrating the benefits of one enterprise using another enterprise’s material waste and wastewaters as resources, as part of a closed cycle.

The town of Kalundborg, located in the west of Denmark’s Zealand island (Copenhagen is located on the opposite coast), has seen public and private companies, some of...

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