Our industrial section focuses on the opportunities for treatment technologies that provide a reliable source of process water to industrial users and reduce the impact of wastewater discharged from industrial facilities. We have an in depth analysis of the opportunities for high value technologies, such as those that remove dissolved solids, and can handle concentrated wastewater streams.
This section focuses on nine different industries on a global scale. We present up to date information on the challenges faced in those industries and analyse how the obstacles faced by corporate water users require the expertise of technology companies, full solutions providers, EPC contractors, operators and chemical suppliers. Each section includes market entry strategies and forecasts.
Industrial Water Services and Chemicals
Operational expenditure on water-related processes in industry is estimated to be around $220 billion in 2015, substantially larger than capital spending on new technologies. This is set to grow as ever more exacting specifications for process water, tougher environmental regulations, low commodity prices in the natural resources sector and a growing commitment to water stewardship present new challenges for industrial users. In this section, we show how the management of water operations is increasingly being outsourced to professional third parties, the factors driving this trend and the entry routes for new market players. This section covers four main areas of interest:
• The opportunities for suppliers of water treatment chemicals and the growing adoption of service contracts.
• The market for complete outsourcing of water treatment systems, focusing on asset ownership models such as BOT and BOO, traditional operations and maintenance contracts, and the market for mobile solutions.
• The drive towards centralised utility services in industrial parks, particularly for wastewater treatment in Asia
• The challenges and opportunities faced by providers of water management services to the unconventional oil & gas industry in North America.
Ballast Water Treatment Market
The ballast water treatment market is set to experience significant growth in the next few years. In the wake of the ratification of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Ballast Water Management Convention and the introduction of the more stringent United States Coast Guard (USCG) Ballast Water Management Regulations, suppliers need to be ready to act on the expected spur of investment in ballast water treatment systems.
Oil & gas
The upstream oil and gas industry is increasingly becoming a water management industry. Globally, three barrels of water is extracted for every one barrel of oil produced. With effective management, this produced water can become a source of value, as disposal options become limited and environmental regulations tighten. New water treatment technologies will allow this water to be reused in waterflooding, enhanced oil recovery and hydraulic fracturing operations, in a market worth $5.2 billion in 2014. Managing the water used and extracted from unconventional resources, such as shale gas, tight oil, coalbed methane, heavy oil, and oil from ultra-deepwater offshore fields, will be a fast growing segment of this market. This section shows you in detail the different opportunities and strategies for these resources.
Securing a reliable supply of water for extraction, handling and transportation is vitally important to mining companies looking to expand their operations. These companies will go to great lengths to meet this need, running pipelines hundreds of miles long from desalination plants on the coast and treating wastewater that is conventional held in tailings ponds. Wastewater treatment technologies can recover saleable metal that might otherwise be lost and prevent environmental contamination from highly acidic effluent streams. Developing the infrastructure and technologies to meet these challenges in the mining industry is driving a market worth $11.9 billon.
Food and Beverage
Direct reuse of wastewater in the product is not on the menu in the food and beverage industry, but the reuse of water for other purposes (e.g. washing) is now a priority. Most major F&B companies have made commitments to reduce their water consumption per unit of product, and reuse is an important part of the strategy for achieving this. Furthermore much of the growth of the industry is in emerging markets which typically have more limited, lower quality water resources than developed countries, creating water treatment challenges. In developed markets, emerging concerns about pharmaceutical by-products and other trace contaminants making their way into the product have lead to greater use of desalination technologies on the process water side. Value from waste propositions such as energy recovery, water reuse (not within the product) and materials recovery ensure that investment in water technology benefits the bottom line.
Refining and Petrochemicals
Refining processes like distillation use high quality steam that must be generated from ultrapure water. Advanced wastewater treatment technologies will help the industry meet tough regulations concerning hazardous waste products from process operations. As the industry expands into water-scarce areas in India, China and the Middle East, marginal sources can help meet the demand for water. Desalination and reuse technologies will secure a reliable source of water and help the industry manage its water impact. Water technology suppliers have the opportunity to tap into a market worth $768 billion.
The power generation sector is the largest industrial user of water in the world, with a need for enormous volumes of water for cooling and ultrapure water to supply boiler systems. Investment in water treatment technologies for this sector is worth $2.1 billion. Rapid industrialisation and economic growth in South East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa is increasing demand for electricity, requiring significant investment in water technologies. Environmental regulation will push for increased treatment of scrubber wastewater and solutions to reduce the burden that cooling places on the local environment.
Ultrapure water is essential in the pharmaceutical industry as it provides a high purity solution free of biological contamination for use in medical products. Supplying these systems is market worth 714 million. There is a shift in the industry as manufacturers of low-cost generic drugs take advantage of the expiry of patents on blockbuster drugs. Water technology suppliers need to be able to supply a reliable system to fit the increasingly tightened budgets within the industry. Developing markets like India, Brazil and China are more attractive with outsourced manufacturing and government efforts to boost domestic production.
As devices get smaller and the fabrication plants get larger, the purity of the water required for ultrapure water systems increases. In terms of water reuse, the industry has relatively conservative attitudes towards recycling water for ultrapure water applications, but wastewater is treated and reused for cooling and other less critical purposes. Besides semiconductors, two other silicon-based sectors of the microelectronics industry need large volumes of highly pure water: flat panel displays (FPD) and photovoltaics (PV). Although, both sectors are in the process of maturing we anticipate that the increasing complexity of FPD and PV devices will create demand for even higher purity water.
Pulp and Paper
Historically the pulp and paper industry has had little need for desalination and reuse – not least because the majority of production is located near water sources. Four things are changing this state of affairs:
• The move towards recycling means that production in mills located in “urban forest” areas is rising. These facilities face higher water costs than green forest located mills, and have a greater interest in water efficiency.
• The fastest growing market for pulp and paper is in China, where raw water sources are both limited and impaired, and water technologies which can address these challenges are at a premium.
• The new generation of efficient boilers used in the industry require higher quality feedwater than the traditional boilers, and as existing production facilities are refitted, there will be greater demand for ultrapure water treatment lines than have historically been the case.
• Regulators are becoming more proactive about controlling effluent from the pulp and paper industry: this is especially true in the case of China, where environmental protection has not been a priority.