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Pulp and Paper

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Historically the pulp and paper industry has had little need for desalination and reuse – not least because the majority of production is located near water sources. Four things are changing this state of affairs:
• The move towards recycling means that production in mills located in “urban forest” areas is rising. These facilities face higher water costs than green forest located mills, and have a greater interest in water efficiency.
• The fastest growing market for pulp and paper is in China, where raw water sources are both limited and impaired, and water technologies which can address these challenges are at a premium.
• The new generation of efficient boilers used in the industry require higher quality feedwater than the traditional boilers, and as existing production facilities are refitted, there will be greater demand for ultrapure water treatment lines than have historically been the case.
• Regulators are becoming more proactive about controlling effluent from the pulp and paper industry: this is especially true in the case of China, where environmental protection has not been a priority.