Drinking water quality regulation: An overview
This introductory chapter gives a broad overview of drinking water regulation by discussing the threats to the quality of drinking water, the need for regulation, approaches to regulation and effective enforcement.
Threats to drinking water quality and the importance of regulationThreats to drinking water quality and associated risk to human health, and incidence and deaths from waterborne disease.
Approaches to regulation
Approach 1-Define standards: Numerical standards, micro-organisms, chemical standards, radionuclides, aesthetic aspects, treatment standards, standards for chemicals and materials used in water treatment and distribution.
Approach 2-Risk assessment and Water Safety Plans: Recent and current developments concerning Water Safety Plans, examples from England and Wales, and of small water suppliers in Europe.