Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
Main government bodies, and relevant legislation in Hungary.
Drinking water quality regulations
Drinking water quality standards follow the EU Drinking Water Directive (DWD) 98/83/EC (see section 13.2.1 in the Overview of EU regulation chapter). Therefore, based on the DWD Government Decree 201/2001 (X. 25) (Drinking Water Quality Decree) specifies drinking water quality requirements and regulates monitoring.
Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
The objectives of the EU Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (see section 13.5 in the Overview of EU regulation chapter) have been implemented by legislative measures, such as Act LIII of 1995 on the general regulation for environmental protection and Water Management Act LVII of 1995.
Water reuse regulations
There is no legislation regarding water reuse in Hungary. However, the National Environmental Programme, under Decision 96/2009 (XII. 9) of the Parliament, and the River Basin Management Plan promote sustainable water use and water recycling through policy objectives in order to protect and preserve water quality and quantity. These programmes advocate the reuse of water locally through the use of grey water, and regionally through the use of treated wastewater for irrigation where lands are affected by water scarcity.
Water in industry: Manufacturing industry
The following figure represents the value of industrial production by sub-sections in 2010. The major contributor to Hungarian industrial production in 2010 was the manufacturing industry. The manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products represented 20% of total industrial production.
Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
Hungary undertook commitments determined by the EU Accession Treaty. Some of these commitments were not fulfilled in the given time, mainly due to the lack of financial resources.
List of laws, standards and policies
All regulations are available in Hungarian via the Hungarian government website: