Wastewater and water reuse quality regulations: An overview
Overview of the chapter, the regulation of wastewater and sewerage systems.
Historical development of effluent standards, early establishment of effluent standards, establishment of effective effluent standards, wastewater treatment and effluent quality, the nature of effluent standards and regulation, concentration or minimum percentage removal, sampling regime, absolute values or statistical compliance, period of judgement, sampling frequency and penalties for failure to achieve the standards.
Industrial wastewaters discharged to public sewers
Industrial effluent control and the regulation of industrial discharges.
Sewage sludge use/disposal regulations
USA federal regulations, European Union regulations, USA versus EU system, general requirements of sludge regulations (sludge to be applied to agricultural land, toxic metals, pathogens, toxic organic chemicals), and the incineration of sewage sludge.
Water reuse categorization (agricultural use, urban non-potable use, environmental use and recreation, industrial use, aquifer recharge, greywater), reuse guidelines and standards, regulations for agricultural use, World Health Organization guidelines, regulations for urban non-potable, environmental and industrial use, and regulations for water reuse in aquifer recharge.
Future trends in the wastewater sector, toxic chemicals and EDCs, effluent quality, energy consumption and carbon footprint, decentralised sanitation and reuse (DESAR) and water (wastewater) safety plans.