Regulatory framework for drinking water, wastewater discharge and reuse
The water and wastewater sector is very fragmented in Morocco, hence the relatively large number of stakeholders involved, both on the public and private side..
Drinking water quality regulations
Morocco has two standards that apply to drinking water quality: Joint Ordinance No 1277–01 (2002) applies to surface water used for drinking water production; Moroccan standard NM03.7.001 (2007) applies to drinking water.
Municipal and industrial wastewater quality regulations
It is worth noting that the wastewater sector in Morocco considerably lags behind that of other countries in the region or countries with a similar economic profile. Morocco only treats about 10% of its effluents – the rest is discharged in sea waters or in the country’s water bodies, which has resulted in considerable levels of pollution. The country’s main cities – Casablanca and Rabat – do not have WWTPs, although the vast majority of effluents are now at least collected and discharged via sea outflows.
Water reuse regulations
The main piece of legislation applying to water reuse is Decree 2-97-875 (1998). The decree states that all water reuse applications must be submitted and approved by the local watershed agency.
Water in industry: Phosphate industry
Morocco is the world’s largest producer of phosphate and phosphate derivatives. The Khourigba phosphate mine, in the centre of the country, is the largest in the world. Office Chérifien des Phosphates (OCP), a state–owned company, is the country’s main player. In 2010, the company’s turnover was around $4.5 billion, roughly 3.5% of Morocco’s GDP.
Future regulatory scenario and conclusions
Water and wastewater regulations are fast developing in Morocco, particularly in the wastewater sector where it considerably lags behind. The country is set to double its WWTP capacity in the next couple of years with a number of large plants currently being built. The ambitious PNA objectives will guarantee further development takes place.
List of laws, standards and policies